The Influence of Application of ROPES and Problem-Based Learning Model in Group Counseling Viewed from Basic Skills of Student Counseling towards Problem Solving Skills

Imanuel Lohmay, Punaji Setyosari, I Nyoman Sudana Degeng, Dedi Kuswandi

Abstract


Involving students in a learning actively, independently and responsibly to achieve learning goals become an important theme today. Encouraging students in active learning, independent and responsible are the task of teaching staff (lecturers) in various types of higher education. Especially lecturer at the Institute of Education Personnel (IEP) they are demanded to always innovate in implementing the various models of learning for learning quality determined by the lecturers, students, learning strategy, learning model, supporting facilities and infrastructure. Learning model that has the same features and characteristics when applied in teaching group counseling, especially to train student counseling practice basic skills in problem solving are ROPES and Problem-based Learning Model. The research problem are formulated as follows: (1) Is there a difference in the problem solving ability between the application of ROPES and PBL models in group counseling viewed from student counselling basic skills ? (2) Is there a difference of problem solving ability between students with high basic counseling skills and low basic skills counseling? (3) Is there an interaction between the learning model (ROPES and PBM) with the basic skills of students counseling towards problem-solving skills? The present study aimed to examine the influence of application of ROPES and problem-based learning model in group counseling viewed from basic skills of student counseling towards problem solving skills. There were 64 subjects or participants involved in this study, selected from two class of department guidance and counseling in the State University of Nusa Cendana. The research instrument is a questionnaire as many as 55 items with the option in the form of Likert scale consist of 5 options were applied to measure the influence of application of ROPES and problem-based learning model in group counseling viewed from basic skills of student counseling towards problem solving skills. The result of the research showed that : (1) there is an influence of the application of the ROPES and PBL models in groups counseling viewed from CBS to the increased ability to solve problems (ASP) – (.160 sig. p > 0.01), (2) there is a difference between student ability to solve problems that have high BCS and low BCS(.451 sig. p>0.05), (3) there is no interaction between the model of learning of ROPES and PBL with CBS of students towards ASP (.232 sig. p < 0.206).

Keywords


Model; Learning; ROPES; PBL; BCS; ASP

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