Puspitasari, Arum. 2013. Development E-Listening Skills Module as Additional Material for Classroom Students X SMA.Thesis, Postgraduate Program, State University of Malang. Advisor: Prof. H. Ali Saukah, MA, Ph.D., and Prof. Bambang Yudi Cahyono, M.Pd., MA, Ph.D.
Key words: research and development, electronic modules, listening, supplementary material, tenth graders
Listening learning has an important role in successful communication. Although considered important, listening skills only have a small portion in the curriculum. The difficulty of finding listening material on the market is a problem in itself. The lack of teaching hours provided for listening learning and the low motivation of students actually exacerbates this condition. Therefore, it is necessary to develop listening material that is used in additional learning activities outside the classroom to help students practice their listening skills.
This Research and Development (R & D) aims to develop an Electronic Module for Listening as Additional Material for Class X SMA Students. The material is then made more interesting with the help of interactive media which are then compiled on a CD. This study aims to provide listening material for the independent study of tenth grade high school students. The material is developed based on the micro and macro listening skills proposed by Brown (2007). Material is also adjusted at the pre-intermediate level (pre-intermediate).
This study used a research and development design developed by Borg and Gall (1994). There are eight adapted steps: (1) needs survey, (2) planning, (3) material development, (4) expert and teacher validation, (5) revision, (6) field trial, (7) revision, and ( 8) completion of the final product. The needs survey is conducted in two steps. The first step was interviews with English teachers at SMAN 1 Boyolangu and SMAN 1 Malang. The second step is carried out through surveys in major bookstores either through direct checking or through checking on line. The instrument in the needs survey is an interview guide. The data from the survey should be used as a basis for consideration in developing teaching materials. Expert validation was carried out with three experts, namely material, language, and media experts. Material, language, and media validation was carried out by material experts and media experts as well as English teachers using instruments such as checklist. The results of this validation are then used as the basis for product revision before field trials.
Field trials were carried out three times. First in the form of material testing units 1 and 2, second is testing material units 3 and 4, third testing material unit 5. The results of the questionnaire given indicate that students like the teaching material and activities contained in the media. They are interested in the ease of operation of teaching materials and activities at
in media consisting of audio, video, and animation. The data obtained from the questionnaire also shows that the teaching material helps students to improve their achievement in certain topics in listening activities.
The final product of teaching materials is a CD, student and teacher manuals. The CD contains material that can be easily operated by students. This material is combined with interactive media which makes it even more interesting. The teacher's manual contains an explanation of each key used in the media, material manuscripts, answer keys, and a glossary. Teaching materials consist of five topics of interpersonal and transactional texts for the second semester of tenth grade SMA. These topics include the following: (1) expressions of gratitude, (2) expressions of praise and congratulations, (3) expressions of surprise and disbelief, (4) conveying, accepting, and rejecting invitations, and (5) making, conveying , and ends the phone conversation.
The products developed are effective in helping students improve their listening skills. This is indicated by the results obtained from the field trial data. However, it is suggested for future researchers to conduct a more in-depth study of the product's effectiveness through experimental studies. Teachers who will use this product are also expected to be able to facilitate, motivate, and help students when they experience difficulties in using e-modules.