Rachmawati, Diah Ayu. 2015. Guide Book Development Understand Multiple Intelligences Theory and its implementation in high school biology learning for Students in the Study and Learning Subject of Malang State University. Thesis, Biology Education Study Program, Postgraduate Program, State University of Malang. Advisor: (I) Prof. Dra. Herawati Susilo, M. Sc, Ph. D, (II) Prof. Dr. Hj. Mimien Henie Irawati Al Muhdhar, MS
Keywords: development, teaching manuals, theory multiple intelligences
Every child is unique, each child has a different character, as well as intelligence. There are 8 types of intelligence, and each individual has different types of intelligence from each other. The eight types of intelligence are visual spatial intelligence, linguistic intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, musical intelligence, naturalist intelligence, kinesthetic physical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, and mathematical logic. The whole discussion about this type of intelligence is covered in Theory Multiple Intelligence. Theory Multiple Intelligences can be used as an alternative to develop meaningful learning activities, where students not only learn subject matter in a fun way, but also at the same time develop natural talents and abilities. Theory Multiple Intelligences it will be very useful and more effective if it is taught early on to prospective teachers who are still in college.
In the implementation of PPL 2014 which was carried out by researchers at Offering A semester 5 of Biology Education, the subject of Learning and Learning, it was known that the Theory of Intelligence in Learning was one of the materials being taught. Based on the implementation of PTK-based Lesson Study conducted by researchers with the team, shows that almost all students offering A have never heard information about the theory Multiple Intelligences, so they also do not know the importance of implementing this theory in learning in schools. Another problem that arises is that during the implementation of PPL, it is also seen that students are still not able to sort out valid and correct literature. They more often look for articles on general blogs that are not valid for writing papers and assignments. At the start of PPL activities, their activities in class were dominated by presentations power point and a discussion that is not enough to attract students to study and find out more information about the material. They just accept what their friends present without examining whether the information is correct and valid. A solution that can be used as an alternative to solving the problem is to develop a teaching material that can help students understand the theory Multiple Intelligences and how the theory is implemented in schools. The teaching material is a theory-based high school biology teaching guide book Multiple Intelligences
A theory-based high school biology teaching guide book Multiple Intelligences This was developed with the Thiagarajan 4D development model, which consists of stages Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate. Based on data analysis on the validation questionnaire of the theory-based high school biology teaching guide book Multiple Intelligences by media and teaching material experts, as well as education and learning experts, the average score was 88.45 and 83.6 which were included in the valid category. Results of the implementation of product trials or initial testing The fourth test shows that the product produced is good enough in terms of quality of content, ease of understanding and implementation, product appearance, and presentation of the material. The final product is a theory-based high school biology teaching guide book Multiple Intelligences generated after going through several revisions. Theory-based high school biology teaching guide book Multiple Intelligences This is expected to be an effective alternative to problem solving to improve students' understanding of the theory Multiple Intelligences and its implementation in biology learning.